Human Interleukin-10


Human IL-10 (Interleukin-10), initially referred to as cytokine synthesis inhibiting factor (CSIF), is a multifunctional cytokine that plays a large role in various inflammatory processes. IL-10 is secreted by several activated hematopoietic cell types, keratinocytes, and placental cytotrophoblasts. Secretion by macrophages is stimulated by endotoxins, TNFα (Tumor necrosis factor-alpha), catecholamines, and IL-1. IL-10 controls several inflammatory processes such as inhibiting expression of proinflammatory cytokines, adhesion molecules, antigen-presenting and costimulatory molecules in several immune cells. Conversely, it increases production of anti-inflammatory molecules such as IL-1RA and soluble TNFα receptors. IL-10 plays an essential role in the control of viral infections as well as allergic and autoimmune inflammatory reactions.

Assay Overview

The workflow for the PuMA System cytokine immunoassay is shown in the figure below. All assay reagents are prepared in advance and then loaded into PuMA System flowchips using single or 8-channel pipettes. The wells are conveniently located on standard 384 multiwell plate spacings. The flowchips are now ready to be loaded into the PuMA System for “hands-off” processing. The ELISA steps are automatically performed by the system using pre-loaded protocols. Once the assay is complete, absorbance results are read on your Plate Reader.

  • Low-volume assays (10-20 μl)
  • Simple “hands-off” operation
  • Open platform – no expensive plates

Assay Procedure

The adaption of existing ELISA kits and/or antibody pairs is straightforward with the PuMA System. Assay buffers optimized for the PuMA System flowchips are provided for sample and antibody dilutions. Blocking solutions and wash buffers are also provided. The IL-10 assays are adapted from BioLegend ELISA Max Kits (p/n 430601).

Assay reagents were prepared according to the dilutions shown in the Table using PuMA Assay Buffer (PAB). IL-10 standards were reconstituted according to instruction provided by BioLegend. A 1:2 serial dilution series of Human IL-10 Standard was prepared starting at 100 pg/well using PAB. 20 μl of each reagent was added to the appropriate wells (see Fig 3) except for the Stop Solution where 10 μl was dispensed. Four replicates were run per concentration. The flowchips were loaded into a PuMA System and processed using the IL-10 Assay Protocol. Plates were read within 5 min of completion on an absorbance plate reader at 450nm (Tecan Spectrafluor Plus).

Pu•MA System Human IL-10 Standard Curve

Pu•MA System ELISA


How It Works

The PuMA Flowchip and System uses established antibody pairs to perform an automated ELISA. All assay reagents are loaded into reservoirs and then moved one at a time through the “Assay Channel” by the PuMA System. Preloaded protocols execute all fluid transfer and incubation steps The system incorporates patented valve-less fluidic switching (VLFS) to precisely control fluid movement in a flowchip. Use of microfluidics reduces both incubation times and reagent volumes.

Name Reagent Source
Capture Ab Human IL-10 Capture
Antibody (1:100)
Block Pu•MA Blocking Buffer PFI
Sample Human IL-10 Standard BL
1°Ab Human IL-10 Primary
Antibody (1:100)
2°Ab Avidin-HRP (1:5K) BL
Wash Pu•MA Wash Buffer PFI
Substrate FAST Substrate PFI
Stop Pu•MA Stop Solution PFI

Microfluidic Assay Workflow

Schematic of PuMA system ELISA

PuMA System

Pu•MA System

  • Compact benchtop system
  • Easy top-loading of flowchips
  • Precision pneumatic control

PuMA System Software


  • Touchscreen-driven interface
  • Preloaded assay protocols
  • Simple Select and Run operation

Reagents and Flowchips

Reagents & Flowchips

  • Validated immunoassays
  • Open platform for existing Ab pairs
  • Works with standard pipettors & tips